Review & Remarks: In the battle of Edrei, Israel under the guidance of the LORD, defeats Og and the peoples of Bashan (vv. 1-3) … 60 cities were sacked, their military forces destroyed, and the spoils (booty) of these conflicts – livestock, valuables, etc. were taken by Israel (vv. 4-10) … Og was said to be the last of the giants with his bed dimensions of cast iron bed (for strength?) 9 cubits long x 4 cubits wide or 13-1/2′ long x 6 ‘ wide (1 cubit = 18″).
Regarding “giants” of the OT, they are mentioned often (Gen. 6:4, Num. 13:32, Deut. 2:10-11, 20-21, 9:2) … David’s rival Goliath (1 Sam. 17:4-7) measured 9′ tall, wearing a 125 lb. bronze coat, and wealed an iron spearhead that weighed 15 lb. alone … Also mentioned are Philistine giants (2 Sam. 21:15-22, cp. 1 Chron 20:4-8) and a possible Egyptian giant (1 Chron. 11:23, cp. 2 Sam. 23:21) … Added to these examples are the giants of Greek Mythology according to Hesiod’s “Theogony“ … Their explanation, according to Ovid and Apollodorus, is in a battle between the gods and giants/titans, Gigantomachy, the losing giants punishment was to remain in and beneath the earth while the victorious gods lifted to the heavens … It would be easy to dismiss all talk of giants if there were only a couple of references … We have a preponderance of evidence.
The Land of Bashan, due east of the Dead or Salt Sea, was given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half of Manasseh (vv. 11-17) … The LORD had made provisions to give Israel said land. Even so, it was still up to Israel’s army to capture and secure it, to make it safe before women, children, livestock, etc. could move inhabit it (vv. 18-20) … These conquests were completed, in part, to convince Joshua that the LORD Himself is fighting on his and Israel’s behalf (vv. 21-22) … Moses enters a plea with YHWH to allow him to cross the Jordan River in the final conquest of Canaan (vv. 23-25) … YHWH angrily denies said request because of His anger against Israel – their sins and Moses’ also (v. 26, cf. Deut. 32:51, Num. 20:12) … Moses is advised to climb to a high place and view the promised land, west of the Jordan, whose conquest will be led by Joshua (vv. 27-29).