Review: There are groups of people and individuals that are opposed to YHWH … This has been the case from the beginning of recorded history to the present hour … As such, YHWH opposes them … In our opening segment, God is opposed to the Ammonites (vv. 1-6), they will suffer destruction … Yet, “afterward” Ammon will be restored (v. 6) … This prophecy against Edom (vv. 7-22) is related to my previous blog on Jacob & Esau (Gen. 25-27) … Those of Edom are descendants of Esau … Recall Esau’s errors – the sale of his birthright (Gen. 25:27-43), his Hittite marriages (Gen. 26:33-34), and his wanting to kill Jacob (Gen. 27:41-46) … As Esau feuded with Jacob, proud Edom (v. 16) feuded with Judah and is judged as Sodom and Gomorrah were judged (vv. 17-18) … Damascus or Syria suffer against YHWH as the pains of a woman in labor, they will be fire purified (vv. 23-27) … The peoples of Kedar and Hazor (Bedouin nomads, not near Judah) will be taken out (vv. 28-33) by God’s servant Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 25:9) and the Chaldeans … Finally, the destruction of Elam (vv. 34-39) by “four winds” (v. 36) hints of their wide dispersion to the “four corners of the earth” … YHWH will become their king and will eventually restore them (v. 38-39).
Analysis: Passages like these and others (cp. Isa. 8, 10:5-34, 14:18-23, Jer. 46-48, Ezek. 14:1-11, 26:1-14, 38-39, Joel 2:1-11, Nahum, Zeph. 2:4-15, etc.) are a blow to those believing our LORD doesn’t periodically (possibly He always does?) choose sides in disputes … One is left to ponder the annuals of history and decide for one’s self if the victors were circumstantial or YHWH supported … The Bible teaches the freeing of enslaved Israel from Egypt was by divine design (Ex. 1-14) … The sins of the vanquished are always the same: not believing they have any need or council from God, idolatry – trusting and worshipping the works of their hands, pride, and arrogance – believing they cannot lose regardless of what they attempt … Yet, the opportunity has always existed, and still does, to come to our LORD, who wants none to perish (2 Pet. 3:9).