Genesis 18

Review & Analysis:  The Lord appears to Abraham in the form of three men (vv. 1-2) … Noted in my Bible is this Theophany (vv. 1, 17, 22, 33), guessed to be the Son accompanied by two angels (cp. Dan. 10:4-9) … It’s not clear to me what Abraham physically saw … No one has seen God (cp. 1 Jn. 4:12) … Whatever it was, either reality or a vision as per Daniel, it moved Abraham to provide the Three foot washing, bread, and veal (vv. 3-8) … They announce to Abraham that Sarah will have a son with Sarah listening unseen in a tent (vv. 9-10) … Sarah, old in years but not in what matters, laughs internally at the prospect (vv. 11-12) … The Three question Sarah’s laughter, saying “Is anything too hard for the LORD?” (vv. 13-15) … The Three and Abraham head for Lot and his family in Sodom and Gomorrah with the Son drawing a contrast between Abrahams’s right behavior and these cities sins (vv. 16-21) … Abraham stands before the LORD (v. 22) … In defense of S&G, Abraham inquires to the LORD’s destruction of them if they contained 50, 45, 40, 30, 20, or 10 righteous in them … In each case, the LORD’s reply is to spare the cities for the righteous’ sake (vv. 23-32) … With that, the Three depart and Abraham goes home (v. 33) … Some have used this S&G model for God’s disposition of a sinful world … As long as any righteous remain, Christian are righteous (cp. Rom. 3:21-26, 10:10), God will spare the world of fire purification as He did to Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen. 19:23-29, cp. 2 Pet. 3:10-13).