Review: We have the LORD present and presumably approving of the break-up of the center of worship (vv. 1-4) as witnessed by Amos…This all done by the LORD (vv. 5-6), the creator of our living planet…At this point the LORD isn’t playing any favorites (vv. 7-8), equating Israel with Ethiopia, the Philistines, etc….In the sifting process (vv. 9-10) of Israel, the good are screened from the lost, those that fall to the ground…All hope is not lost, restoration is in the offing (vv. 11-15) both to the City of David (v. 11) and to a remnant of peoples (v. 12).
Commentary: The overall theme of Amos is sin and it’s consequences…An alter typically speaks to mercy in the OT, based on a substitute sacrifice (cp. Jn. 12:31-33). With no sacrifice or a despised sacrifice, the alter is judgement only…Paul also speaks to God eventually treating all peoples alike – no privileges by way of heritage, race, religion, color, nationality, etc. (Rom. 2:11, 10:12, cp. Gal. 3:28)…The “tabernacle of David” (v. 11) had and has fallen into a serious state of disrepair (cp. Isa. 11:1), pointing to the need for something or someone beyond ourselves to fix it…My Bible points to a linguistic concern (v. 12)…Language translations are fragile things…With the change of just one letter in the Hebrew language, the translation changes to “That the rest of mankind may see the LORD, and all the nations upon whom My name is called.”…This translation is certainly more inclusive compared to what we have…Interestingly, James testified (Acts 15:14-17) before the Jerusalem Council concerning this point…Amos’ game plan going forward is (1) the restoration of David’s throne (v. 11); (2) the conversion of nations (v. 12); (3) the transformation of Israel’s land productivity (v. 13); (4) the regathering of the Tribes of Israel (v. 14); (5) the reconstruction of cities (v. 14); (6) Israel permanently resettles in her own land (v. 15)…Questions?