Summary: Israel was called to sacrifice a new born goat or lamb on the first month of the newly set calendar year (vv. 1-3), apparently in the spring as they were available then…..The animal was to be cooked over an open flame (v. 9) with unbroken bones (Ex. 12:46), making hand to mouth consumption easy compared to obtaining eating utensils in Pharaoh controlled Egypt…..Unleavened bread and bitter herbs (v. 8) were typical fare for Egyptian desert…..Blood smearing on doorposts,(v. 7), however, was rather unique, related to what was to come…..The killing of the first-born beasts and humans in Egypt will happen to households without said doorposts (v. 23)…..”Pass over” (v. 13) is exactly what the “destroyer” will do to Israel, not to the Egyptians…..This happening is to be commemorated for generations to come (vv. 24-27), thereby linking Israelites for generations to come.
Commentary: The bloody sacrifice of anything does not appeal to modern tastes…..The Unleavened Bread and Passover Feasts (vv. 17-21) were instituted before priests, alters, etc……For the Christian, parallels can be drawn between these festivals and our beliefs…..The sacrifice of an unblemished, tested lamb (vv. 5-6) vs. Jesus’ public life verified His holiness (Luke 11:53-54, Jn. 8:46)…..The verified, tested are killed (v. 6, Heb. 9:22)…..Applied blood (v. 7) was a statement of Israel’s personnel faith (Jn. 3:36)…..Shed blood sufficed as protection from death (v. 13, Heb. 10:10-14, 1 Jn. 1:7)…..Unleavened bread (vv. 17-20) typifies our communion (Matt. 26:26-28, 1 Cor. 11:23-26) meal…..We are saved from spiritual death by the shed blood of Christ, our lamb (Rev. 13:8), as Israel’s first born were saved from the “destroyers” death by the shed blood of Israel’s first born lambs.